The oldest Atlantic shell midden found to date is located in Dobbs Ferry. It dates back to 6950 B.C. and is the earliest remaining evidence of humans living in the Hudson Valley.
Oyster middens were everywhere for thousands of years, until suddenly they weren’t.
Brian Lehrer Show WNYC interview with George Stonefish
& what started it all: Brooklyn Public Library Lenapehoking show
This heartbreaking quote: Only one speaker of the Lenape language is still alive…
The Lenape (English: /ləˈnɑːpi/, /ˈlɛnəpi/, or Lenape IPA: [ləˈnɑːpe]), also called the Leni Lenape, Lenni Lenape and Delaware people, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in the United States and Canada. Their historical territory included present-day northeastern Delaware, New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, and the Lower Hudson Valley. Today, Lenape people belong to the Delaware Nation and Delaware Tribe of Indians in Oklahoma; the Stockbridge-Munsee Community in Wisconsin; and the Munsee-Delaware Nation, Moravian of the Thames First Nation, and Delaware of Six Nations in Ontario.
(/ˈwɒpɪndʒər/) were an Eastern Algonquian Munsee-speaking Native American people from what is now southern New York and western Connecticut. At the time of first contact in the 17th century they were primarily based in what is now Dutchess County, New York, but their territory included the east bank of the Hudson in what became both Putnam and Westchester counties south to the western Bronx and northern Manhattan Island. To the east they reached to the Connecticut River valley, and to the north the Roeliff-Jansen Kill in southernmost Columbia County, New York marked the end of their territory.
is widely translated as 'homelands of the Lenape', which in the 16th and 17th centuries, ranged along the Atlantic's coast from western Connecticut to Delaware, and encompassed the territory adjacent to the Delaware and lower Hudson river valleys, as well as the territory between them. It historically accommodated the colonies of New Sweden and New Netherlands, but by the early 18th century the expansion of English colonies had depopulated or displaced most surviving tribal peoples. The US federal government also forcibly displaced the Lenape through Indian removal policies to Ontario and the Midwestern United States, and on to what is now Oklahoma, where they are the Delaware Nation and Delaware Tribe of Indians. Lenape nations today control lands within Oklahoma (Delaware Nation and Delaware Tribe of Indians), Wisconsin (Stockbridge-Munsee Community), and Ontario (Munsee-Delaware Nation, Moravian of the Thames First Nation, and Delaware of Six Nations).
Giant language group - pockets extend to the Pacific
(also known as Munsee Delaware, Delaware, Ontario Delaware) is an endangered language of the Eastern Algonquian subgroup of the Algonquian language family, itself a branch of the Algic language family. Munsee is one of the two Delaware languages (also known as Lenape languages, after the tribe's autonym). It is very closely related to the Unami Delaware, but the two are sufficiently different that they are considered separate languages. Munsee was spoken aboriginally in the vicinity of the modern New York City area in the United States, including western Long Island, Manhattan Island, Staten Island, as well as adjacent areas on the mainland: southeastern New York State, the northern third of New Jersey, and northeastern Pennsylvania.
European name applied to the Lenni Lenape - contentious
The state was named after the Delaware River, which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware people, a name used by Europeans for Lenape people indigenous to the Delaware Valley, also derive their name from the same source. The name de La Warr is from Sussex and of Anglo-French origin. It came probably from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This toponymic could derive from Latin ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin varectum (fallow). The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound [ä] often mutated in [æ]) also appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. It could also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr.
Tribe - seen as contentious
He represented Nimham story, in public and, I believe lead the drive for the Nimham Monument.
His website stated: The Wappinger Memorial, Putnam County Veterans Memorial Park; Dedicated to preserving the history of the first people of the Hudson Valley. With drum, dance, songs & storytelling.
The website seems to be totally hacked. https://www.nimham.com/ another insult.
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